Журнал химической инженерии и технологических процессов

Журнал химической инженерии и технологических процессов
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ISSN: 2157-7048


3D Modeling and Simulation of a Two-Phase Mixing Jet Flow

Jaci C. S. C. Bastos, Udo Fritsching and Milton Mori

Gas-solid mixing jet flows are an essential feature of typical chemical engineering processes. A proper analysis of the mixture flow optimizes process qualities and efficiencies. In this contribution, a numerical study of the solids dispersion in a two-phase jet flow is presented. The mathematical model treats the gas and the solid phases with an Eulerian approach. Radial profiles of the solid-phase mean velocity were computed on five axial levels, subdivided in five cases, in the mixing jet flow using a two-phase 3D computational fluid dynamics model. The computed solids velocities were compared with experimental data on a jet with an internal diameter of 12mm, at different inlet conditions of solid mass load for rates (3 to 7) and velocities (8 to 16m/s). The mean particle diameter used was 50μm and a density of 2500kg/m3.Three different drag models were applied to evaluate the solids dispersion, Wen and Yu [1], Gidaspow [2] and Massarani [3] correlations, the latter being a continuous one. The two-equation (k-ε) turbulence model was employed to describe the gas-phase, while the zero-equation (kinematic viscosities analogy) turbulence model describing the solid-phase in a jet flow. The mathematical model predicts a developed flow regions similar to that found experimentally.