Журнал психологии и психотерапии

Журнал психологии и психотерапии
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ISSN: 2161-0487


Depression, Diagnostic Criteria, Explanatory Theories and Current Treatment Efficacy Compared

Minotta-Valencia Lina, Carlos Minotta Valencia

In the present, the nosological characterization of depression is approached, as an entity susceptible to clinical diagnosis, the semiotics of its symptomatological manifestations and pathognomonic signs are described, according to standardized criteria, to then illustrate the underlying processes that, according to different models explanatory, cognitive, and behavioral, account; of the genesis, development, and feedback mechanisms and maintenance of depressive clinical symptoms. Finally, a screening of controlled clinical trials is carried out, with treatment and control groups, where the variable to be measured was the differences or not, in the therapeutic results between cognitive and pharmacological treatment modalities of depression, regarding the prolongation of the effect, relapses and comparative improvement rates.