Журнал хроматографии и методов разделения

Журнал хроматографии и методов разделения
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ISSN: 2157-7064


Enhanced Removal of Some Cationic Dyes from Environmental Samples Using Sulphuric Acid Modified Pistachio Shells Derived Activated Carbon

Akl MA, Mostafa MM and Mohammed SA Bashanaini

In the present work, pistachio shell, local agriculture waste, has been successfully used for the preparation activated carbon (AC) by sulphuric acid. This sulphuric acid based activated carbon (ACS) was used for the removal of two cationic dyes viz., methylene blue (MB) and Brilliant green (BG) from aqueous solutions. The structure and physical and chemical properties of ACS are investigated using FTIR and SEM analysis and pH surface and Boehm titration. The effect of the differential experimental parameters controlling the adsorption of dyes onto ACS, was thoroughly investigated, such as the effect of pH, initial dye concentration, contact time and adsorbent dosage in batch mode. Employment of equilibrium isotherm models for the description of adsorption capacities of ACS explores the good efficiency of Langmuir model for the best presentation of experimental data with maximum adsorption capacity of 208.333 and 151.515 mg/g for MB and BG dyes. The kinetic data were fitted to the pseudo-secondorder kinetic model with cooperation with interparticle diffusion model. Thermodynamic parameters were evaluated to predict the nature of adsorption. These results point out the endothermic and spontaneous nature of the sorption process. The results demonstrate that ACS is effective in the removal of MB and BG dyes from aqueous solutions and can be used as an alternative to the high-cost commercial adsorbents.