Журнал клеточной науки и терапии

Журнал клеточной науки и терапии
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ISSN: 2157-7013


Genetic Similarities between Ethmoidal Adenocarcinoma and Colorectal Adenocarcinoma: Towards a New Targeted Therapy?

Olivier Choussy, Alexandre Paviot, Olivia Abramovici, Aude Lamy, Danièle Dehesdin and Jean-Christophe Sabourin

Background: To compare the genetic profile and phenotype of sinonasal Intestinal Type AdenoCarcinoma (ITAC) and colorectal adenocarcinoma.

Methods: Between 1983 and 2001, 41 patients were treated for ethmoidal adenocarcinoma at Rouen University Hospital. All pathologic specimens were reassigned according to the new 2005 World Health Organization classification. Immunohistochemical study was carried out to evaluate EGFR and CDX2 expression. Thirty-eight out of the 41 tumor specimens had sufficient DNA for KRAS and EGFR mutation analysis. SNaPshot® multiplex system was used to determine presence of the most common mutations (located in exons 18, 19, 20 and 21 for EGFR and in exon 2 [codon 12 and 13] for KRAS).

Results: Of the 41 patients, there were 37 men and four women. Mean age at presentation was 63.6 years (range: 40.7-86.4 years). Occupational exposure was documented for 32 patients, with 31 cases of wood exposure and one of leather exposure. Of the 38 tumors genotyped, 35 were ITAC (33 men and two women) and wood exposure was found in 29 (85%) of these patients. CDX2 expression was present in 31 out of the 35 ITAC (89%) and absent in the 3 non-intestinal adenocarcinomas. EGFR was expressed in 29 out of the 35 ITAC (83%) with different expression: 19 (56 %) 1+, 7 (21%) 2+ and 3 (6%) 3+ immunopositivity and the 3 non ITAC disclosed 1+ EGFR positivity. No EGFR mutation was found in the series. For KRAS, 5 out of the 35 ITAC (14%) disclosed KRAS exon 2 mutation and the 3 non-intestinal adenocarcinomas were KRAS wild type.

Conclusion: CDX2 immunohistochemistry could be a useful tool for discriminating ITAC. Phenotype and genotype similarities between ITAC and colorectal carcinomas could lead to clinical trials using anti-EGFR therapy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic ITAC.