Ревматология: текущие исследования

Ревматология: текущие исследования
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ISSN: 2161-1149 (Printed)


Ocular Manifestations in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Sutasinee Boonsopon, Armin Maghsoudlou and Charles Stephen Foster

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease manifest with multiple organ system involvement. Even though the eye is not part of the diagnostic criteria, once it gets affected, it will alter patients’ quality of life. The purpose of this review is to point out the significance of ocular manifestations in SLE and to emphasize the importance of possible blinding complications such as peripheral ulcerative keratitis, scleritis, and SLE retinopathy/ choroidopathy. The condition can be even worse when SLE is accompanied with antiphospholipid syndrome. In addition to the disease itself, several treatment agents that are used in SLE are responsible for vision threatening conditions; thus they have to b